New spider species discovered in Hakkari


New spider species discovered in Hakkari

Associate Professor Dr. Melek Erdek from the Department of Biology at Hakkari University Graduate School of Education has discovered a new solifuge species, commonly known as a “bögü” or “Sarıkız spider.”

According to the university’s announcement, the species has been named “Gylippus Merganus” in reference to its discovery location in the Mergan Plateau of Cennet Cehennem Valley.

The type materials of the newly discovered species, which were published in the journal “Zoology in the Middle East,” are being preserved in the Zoology Museum of the Biological Diversity Application and Research Center.

Dr. Erdek stated that solifuges, including species belonging to the Gylippus genus, are non-toxic and harmless. She provided information that these species are microhabitat specialists, with many of them being endemic to high mountain areas.

Dr. Erdek expressed that these species do not have a wide distribution. However, due to the city’s mountainous and isolated areas, Hakkari is home to numerous different and undiscovered species.

Solifuges, known as “bögü” or “Sarıkız” among the locals, are a distinct group within the spider family. They are predominantly observed during the evening hours.


Hakkari is a province located in southeastern Turkey. It is bordered by the provinces of Van and Şırnak to the west, Iraq to the south, and Iran to the east.

Hakkari is known for its mountainous terrain, with the eastern part of the province being dominated by the Zagros Mountains. The region is characterized by rugged landscapes, deep valleys, and high plateaus. Mount Cilo, one of the highest peaks in Turkey, is located in Hakkari.


The province has a diverse cultural and ethnic composition, with a significant Kurdish population. Hakkari has a rich historical background, with traces of ancient civilizations and historical sites scattered throughout the region. The city of Hakkari itself has historical landmarks such as the Hakkari Castle and the old Hakkari bazaar.

Due to its geographical location, Hakkari experiences harsh winters with heavy snowfall, while summers tend to be hot and dry.

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